Asbestos history and problems!

Pliny the Younger wrote in AD 61-114 that slaves who dealt with the mineral asbestos ended up being ill. Later on in 1899 Dr. Montague Murray kept in mind the unfavorable health effects of asbestos. The very first recorded death related to asbestos was in 1906.

The first such research was conducted by Dr. H. Montague Murray at the Charing Cross Hospital, London, in 1900, in which a postmortem examination of a young man who had actually passed away from pulmonary fibrosis after having worked for 14 years in an asbestos fabric factory, found asbestos traces in the victim’s lungs. Adelaide Anderson, the Inspector of Factories in Britain, consisted of asbestos in a list of hazardous industrial compounds in 1902.
Nellie Kershaw, factory worker, whose death from lung asbestosis was the very first such case to be described in medical literature.
Fireproof asbestos fabric.

The first diagnosis of asbestosis was made in the UK in 1924. Nellie Kershaw was used at Turner Brothers Asbestos in Manchester, England from 1917, spinning raw asbestos fibre into yarn. Her death in 1924 resulted in an official inquest. Pathologist Dr William Edmund Cooke testified that his assessment of the lungs suggested old scarring a sign of a previous, recovered, tuberculosis infection, and comprehensive fibrosis, in which showed up “bits of mineral matter … of various shapes, but the large bulk have sharp angles.” Having compared these particles with samples of asbestos dust provided by Dr S.A. Henry, His Majesty’s Medical Inspector of Factories, Cooke concluded that they “originated from asbestos and were, beyond a sensible doubt, the main reason for the fibrosis of the lungs and therefore of death”.

It concluded that the development of asbestosis was irrefutably linked to the prolonged inhalation of asbestos dust, and included the first health study of asbestos employees, which found that 66 % of those employed for 20 years or more suffered from asbestosis. The report led to the publication of the first Asbestos Industry Laws in 1931, which came into impact on 1 March 1932. The term mesothelioma cancer was initially used in medical literature in 1931; its association with asbestos was first kept in mind at some point in the 1940s.

Approximately 100,000 individuals in the United States have died, or are terminally ill, from asbestos exposure related to ship building. In the Hampton Roads location, a shipbuilding center, mesothelioma event is seven times the national rate. Thousands of tons of asbestos were made use of in World War II ships to insulate piping, boilers, steam engines, and steam turbines. There were around 4.3 million shipyard employees in the United States during WWII; for every thousand employees about fourteen died of mesothelioma cancer and an unidentified number passed away from asbestosis.

The United States government and asbestos market have been criticized for not acting quickly enough to inform the public of risks, and to reduce public exposure. In the late 1970s court files proved that asbestos industry authorities knew of asbestos threats considering that the 1930s and had concealed them from the general public.

In Australia, asbestos was widely made use of in building and other industries between 1946 and 1980. From the 1970s there was enhancing issue about the threats of asbestos, and its use was phased out. Mining ceased in 1983. Using asbestos was phased out in 1989 and prohibited entirely in December 2003. The threats of asbestos are now renowneded in Australia and there is assistance and support for victims from asbestosis or mesothelioma cancer.

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